Or little computing tricks and hacks
The previous blog entry explained in detail how to install and set up mutt to retrieve and send mail using a server such as gmail. Here I’ll explain how to manage several mailbox using the same set up.
For explanations on the configuration files check the previous post.
To fetch from several mailboxes, the file .fetchmailrc needs extra information. For all the common information to all servers, start the file with the key word defaults and then include specific information under each poll:
defaults proto POP3 mda "/usr/bin/procmail -d %T" options no keep ssl sslcertck sslcertpath /etc/ssl/certs # First gmail account, the official poll pop.gmail.com user "firstname.lastname@example.org" there with password "password1" is "user1" here poll pop.gmail.com user "email@example.com" there with password "password2" is "user2" here
All of the servers will use POP3 and the same SSL certificates. The MDA is procmail. Notice that any server can be used. I just haven't tested any other so I don't have the server URL. Fetchmail man pages suggest to stash the account/password pairs in your $HOME/.netrc file where this information can be used for FTP and other programs. Check that this is working by typing
If you have different mailboxes, they are probably of a different type, so you want to sort them in different inboxes. Procmail will do this through the recipes in the .procmailrc file:
# Environment variable assignments PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin VERBOSE=off # Turn on for verbose log MAILDIR=$HOME/Mail # Where procmail delivers recipes LOGFILE=$HOME/.procmaillog # Keep a log for troubleshooting. # Recipes :0: * ^To.*user1|^From.*firstname.lastname@example.org mailbox1 :0: * ^To.*user2|^From.*email@example.com mailbox2
In the first recipe all mail sent to or received from, actually all mail which includes the full email firstname.lastname@example.org in the header is to be directed to mailbox1. Similarly for for the next recipe. This will make sure that even the Cc are included.
Now mutt needs to know about the different mailboxes and about the different accounts available to send mail. The file .muttrc needs to include the following:
mailboxes ! +mailbox1 +mailbox2
After running fetchmail, procmail has done the sorting and running
will show the list of all the mailboxes with N next to the ones with new mail. I included the following line in the configuration file for a cleaner view of the listing:
set folder_format="%2C %t %N %8s %d %f"
To be able to send mail from these different mailboxes, both mutt and msmtp have to have the right configurations files. For mutt, the easiest thing is to have as many .muttrc files as email address you want to send mail from, changing the appropriate details for setting msmtp in mutt, namely:
set realname = "John The Big Brother" set from = email@example.com
and name each of them differently, say .muttrc_mb1 and .muttrc_mb2. Then create an aliases, in .bashrc like so (taken from this link):
alias mb1='mutt -F /home/you/.muttrc_mb1' alias mb2='mutt -F /home/you/.muttrc_mb2'
which meant that you have to know which email address you want to send email from before calling mutt. What I do is to have a default and the others are for specific occasions.
You can also try muttprofile, but I have not bothered to try it as the current set up does not bother me.
The .msmtprc describes each email account under the keyword account. At the beginning of the file under defaults, you can set the global values for all the accounts. The define each account in turn, with the option of later ones inheriting from earlier ones.
# Set default values for all following accounts defaults tls on tls_starttls on tls_trust_file /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt logfile ~/.msmtp.log auth on # First account account main host smtp.gmail.com port 587 from "firstname.lastname@example.org" user "john.example" password "rover" # Second account account other : main host smtp.gmail.com port 587 from "email@example.com" user "john.other" password "rover2" # Set a default account account default : main